High SLFN11 expression correlates with sensitivity to lurbinectedin in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) models (AACR 2023)
Schlafen 11 (SLFN11), a putative DNA/RNA helicase irreversibly binds to DNA replication forks resulting in replication block and is a predictive biomarker of response to therapeutics that elicit DNA damage including cisplatin, topoisomerase I/II inhibitors and PARP inhibitors.Objective: Evaluate the role of SLFN11 expression in predicting response to lurbinectedin, a DNA damaging agent, in human SCLC cell lines and in vivo models. Cytotoxicity assays: SCLC cell lines DMS 53, DMS 114, NCI-H69, NCI-H82, NCI-H196, NCI-H209, NCI-H211, NCI-H446, NCI-H526, NCI-H841, NCI-H889, NCI-H1048, and SHP-77 were tested with lurbinectedin dose range from 100 nM to 0.01 nM. Cell viability assays in 13 SCLC models confirm high SLFN11 expressing cell lines are 4-fold more sensitive to lurbinectedin compared to low SLFN11 expressing cell lines (ΔpIC50 = 0.64; p = 0.0451). The in vivo efficacy data confirms that the SLFN11 high NCI-H1048 model is more responsive with 90% TGI compared to 35% observed in SLFN11 low models (NCI-H889 and NCI-H69) at the highest lurbinectedin dose (p-value = 0.006). Efficacy data confirms correlation to SLFN11 protein expression, consistent with the RNA level association.